Origin of the Motor Ricardo
It is clear that the motor world has advanced by leaps and bounds in the last century and the Ricardo engine is undoubtedly one of the great milestones in the automotive industry during the 20th century. The thinking mind behind these engines is Sir Harry Ralph Ricardo, a British mechanical engineer, one of the most outstanding designers and researchers in the early years of the development of the internal combustion engine.
Harry Richard was born in Bedford Square, London in 1885. He was one of the first people in England to see a car, when his grandfather bought one in 1898. He was from a relatively wealthy family, and was educated at Rugby School. In October 1903 he entered Trinity College (Cambridge) as a civil engineering student. Ricardo had been using tools and building engines since the age of ten.
His enthusiasm and passion for the motor world grew over the years. After completing his studies and with a very extensive training, Ricardo began to carry out research that led to great advances of the time. In 1919, Ricardo was studying the phenomena affecting combustion within the gasoline engine and diesel engine. He realized that the turbulence inside the combustion chamber increased the speed of the flame, and that he could accomplish this by redesigning the engine head. He also realized that making the camera as compact as possible would reduce the distance the flame had to travel and reduce the likelihood of detonation.
He later developed the swirl induction chamber, which was an attempt to achieve an orderly movement of air in a diesel engine, initiating the swirl with inclined collectors and accentuating the phenomenon by forcing air into a small cylindrical volume. He eventually developed the compression turbulence chamber for diesel engines. This design incorporated an intense swirl with a reasonable rate of pressure increase and good fuel consumption.
The design of the compression turbulence chamber, one of its most important inventions, was named “Comet” (patented in 1931) and subsequently licensed to a large number of companies for use in trucks, buses, tractors and cranes, as well as private cars and taxis. A later development of the same design was incorporated into the 1934 Citroën Rosalie, the world’s first high-production diesel car. This meant that Britain led the field of high-speed diesel engines for road transport at the time.
Even during World War II Ricardo played a key role, his work exerted influence throughout the world. While his work guaranteed England an ever-increasing supply of fuel power during the 1930s, he also helped Germany develop high-octane synthetic aviation fuel. Even during 1941-1945 he was a member of the engineering advisory committee of the War Cabinet.
The work of Ricardo during the more than 40 years that he exercised his profession is worthy of mention, since many of his innovations are still in force today or were the basis of some of the greatest evolutions in engine engineering. That’s why Ricardo engines are synonymous with quality, safety and cutting edge.
Currently, Ricardo engines are manufactured under patent in several countries of the world , achieving a high quality at a reduced price, being the leaders in its market segment, and riding in different types of machinery.